Abraham Maslow's Pyramid of Needs

Abraham Maslow's Pyramid of Needs

Abraham Maslow was a professor of psychology at Alliant International University, Brandeis University, Brooklyn College, New School of Social Research and Columbia University. He stressed the importance of focusing on the positive qualities of people, rather than treating them as a "set of symptoms."

What is the Maslow Pyramid

Maslow's pyramid, or hierarchy of human needs, is a psychological theory proposed by Abraham Maslow where he explains how the most basic needs that human beings develop are met.

Maslow, as a humanist, his idea was that people have an innate desire to realize themselves, to be what they want to be, and that they have the ability to pursue their goals autonomously if they are in an enabling environment. However, the different objectives that are pursued at each moment depend on which goal have been achieved and which remain to be met, according to the pyramid of needs. To aspire to self-realization goals, the previous needs such as food, security, etc. must be met beforehand.

The five categories of needs of the Maslow Pyramid are: physiological, safety, affiliation, recognition and self-realization.

1. Physiological needs:

When they are not covered, the human organism suffers significant damage or ceases to exist: hunger, thirst, sleep, clothing, shelter, sex, etc.

They are also called homeostatic, because they contribute to the balance of body state.

2. Security needs:

It is the need to feel that we are safe, that we move in a stable environment, that we can organize and structure our environment.

The human being has the need for security, but only if he has met the physiological needs before.

3. Social needs:

They involve the feeling of belonging to a social group, family, friends, couple, co-workers, etc.

4. Needs for esteem or recognition:

They are recognition needs as trust.

The need for recognition is linked to the need for self-esteem and the assessment that comes from another person. This recognition is also usually related to success within society, to be able to feel useful within it and to feel respect for oneself as that others can also respect you. Maslow describes it as the need for self-recognition, trust, respect and success.

5. Self-realization needs:

The need for self-realization is the ultimate need, the one that can offer the greatest sense of well-being to the person but, to achieve it, he must have overcome or satisfied the rest of the basic or previous needs.

Self-realization is the most subjective and unique need of each person, as each one can give greater weight to one or other aspects: spiritual, work, personal, etc. In order to achieve it, one has to find oneself well, accept and value oneself, feel well individually, be emotionally balanced.