Psychology seems to turn its gaze to techniques such as meditation or mindfulness, recover the importance of attention and awareness and focus on the present moment.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy born from within behavior therapy, wants to provide a novel therapeutic approach. The most genuine aspect of this approach is the interest in altering the function of annoying thoughts, sensations or memories and not changing or reducing them. It is a contextual change that aims to alter the function of events, not content.
The Mindfulness is linked to the new Third Generation Therapies, together with Awakened Hypnosis, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy.
What these new contributions have in common. We could say that the common denominator would be the “return to the things themselves”, both these approaches and the therapeutic techniques (they allow things to happen, not to interfere as a way to “control.” Therefore the point of union of these new fields of action in Psychological Therapy, means in our opinion a return to Phenomenology.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy finds some link to "Existentialism." It emphasizes the loneliness of the individual, the man threatened in his individuality and in his concrete reality. It emphasizes human choice, freedom and responsibility. Freedom of choice implies commitment and responsibility.
None of the three approaches, assumes that the only criterion of truth is found in the personal experiences of individuals. It is not approved in any of the three therapeutic options, at least explicitly, that the verification of its usefulness, its validity should be investigated regardless of the hypothetical-deductive method
What's new in these new therapies:
- In Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, have a well structured guide to carry out the Therapy. This guide is full of metaphors, well-planned exercises and remarkable creativity. It is appreciated that you have theoretical anchors and a corpus of systematic and abundant research.
- In Mindfulness, have a protocolized approach to focus on the present moment, open to the experience on which to get involved and encourage the "absence" of control, which this perspective proposes.
- In the Valencian Model of Awakened Hypnosis, to be able to discern the quack and the spectacle of the structured and scientific approach to hypnosis. Have concise guides, with important touches of ingenuity and creativity, that allow the client to have a useful tool to promote the pleasure of a particular therapy, and that enhances its efficiency. The rigorous approach to the field of suggestion always pleases the public.